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南昌二中2018—2019学年度上学期第一次月考高二英语试卷附答案           ★★★
南昌二中2018—2019学年度上学期第一次月考高二英语试卷附答案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/10/28 23:11:27

南昌二中2018—2019学年度上学期第一次月考
高二英语试卷
命题人:熊  琪      审题人:龚志强
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)
第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What time does the museum close on Sunday?
A. At 3:00 pm.         
B. At 4:00 pm.         
C. At 5:00 pm..
2. What does the man mean?
A. He is willing to help out.        
B. He has his hands full.      
C. He almost loses the suitcase.
3. What is the man persuading the woman to do ?
A. Have less meat.         B. Buy him a burger.       C. Eat out with him.
4.How will the woman probably go to the gallery?
A.By bus.        B . By subway.       C.By car.
5.In what aspect(方面) is the man weak in Chinese?
A.Reading .          B.Writing .        C.Speaking.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题。每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。
6. What does the man think of the horror movies?
A. Exciting.            B. Frightening.         C. Boring.
7. What new hobby will the woman start?
A. skiing.              B. Reading.          C. Playing music.
听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。
8. What is the man allowed to make for Thanksgiving?
A. The sauces.         B. The salad.        C. The desserts.
9. What does the woman say about Thanksgiving in her family?
A. No one takes it very seriously.
B. Her parents try to do everything.   
C. Everyone shares the preparation work.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. Where are the speakers?
A. In Sydney.               B. In Toronto.        C. In Los Angeles.
11. What does Simon plan to do after graduation?
A. Study further.         B. Run a hotel.      C. Work in a company.
12. What does Lucy major in?
A. Law.          B. Business.      C. Management.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. Why are the speakers excited in the beginning?
A. They park near the shopping mall. 
B. They are lucky to take the umbrella. 
C. They find the shopping mall easily.
14. What would the man like to have for lunch?
A. Fries.       
B. Chicken sandwiches.     
C. The lamb burger
15. What will the speakers do right after lunch?
A. Learn Spanish      
B. Do some shopping.         
C. Go to the museum.
16. How will the speakers go to the museum probably?
A. By car.          B. By bike.                  C. On foot.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. How long have Earth Boxes been in market?
A. About 15 years        B. about 20 years.        C. about 30 years
18. What can Earth Boxes be used to do in poor countries?
A. Solve hunger problems.
B. Improve soil conditions.
C. Teaching students science.
19. What is the advantages of Earth Boxes?
A. Saving much spaces.
B. Purifying much water.
C. Making crops grow fast.
20. Why are Earth Boxes used in middle school?
A. To learn math well.
B. To grow vegetables.
C. to do experiments and gather information
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40 分)
第一节  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑. (共 15小题;每小题 2分,满分30分)
                                             A
Bayfield Shopping Coupons(赠券)
1. Six Hours Free Parking
If you spend $100 or more in our stores you will receive six hours of free parking. When you have spent $100 or more, just take this coupon and your receipts to the customer service desk on level 4. They will stamp your parking ticket to allow 6 hours of free parking.
Offer here until November 14.
2.Win a $1000 CD Collection
Win your choice of $1000 worth of CDs from JB Music Store. Just buy any two CDs and your name will go into the competition. Select your own prize from our wide variety of rock, pop, jazz, and classical music. Competition ends November 14. Prize drawn on November 21.
Check store for more information.
3. Buy One, Get One Free
Buy one shirt or tie at Daniel’s .Menswear, and get another shirt or tie of the same value free. Choose from any of our dress shirts and we will give you another one at no cost.
Hurry! Offer ends November 14. Offer limited to one per customer.
                            4. 10% off
Present this coupon at The Book Store to get a 10% discount on any books you buy. We have lots of books to choose from. Including children’s books, novels, travel guides, and science works. You’re sure to find something that you will enjoy. Shop now for Christmas. We have plenty of toys as gifts for you and avoid the rush!
Offer here until November 14.
5. Half-price Movie Tickets
Buy any full-price movie ticket on Tuesdays or Wednesdays, and you can buy a second ticket for a friend for only half-price. The latest movies are here, showing in one of our five theaters at Bayfield Shopping Centre.
Offer here through December 1. Limit one per customer.
6. Free Soft Drink
Buy any meal for at least $6 at Mike’s Cafe, and receive a free soft drink. We serve the best fast food in the Shopping Centre. Come in and try our delicious meals and our excellent service. You won’t be disappointed!
Free soft drink offer ends November 14.
21. What are these ads for?
A. Food you can order for delivery.  B. Places to go on vacation.
C. Special offers at a shopping center.    D. Things on sale in a big store.
22. Which of the following is TRUE according to the ads?
A. Spending $50 means 3 hours of free parking.
B. One person can buy 4 tickets for the price of three.
C. After buying two CDs, you can get another two CDs for free.
D. At Mike’s Cafe, people can get a free drink after spending $6.
23. Which of the following is NOT mentioned at this mall?
A. Clothes store.        B. Music store.        C. Restaurant.     D. Toy store.
B
A family is a collection of people who share the same genes but cannot agree on a place to pull over for lunch. Ed and I, plus his parents and sister Doris and eight-year-old niece Alisha, are on a road trip to Yosemite. Ed wants Subway, I want. In-N-Out Burger, Doris wants Sonic. In the end, we compromise on McDonald’s, where Alisha will get an action figure.
It’s a three-hour drive to Yosemite, but we’re taking a little longer, as we’re working in a tour of Highway 80’s public restrooms. As the saying goes, “Not one bladder(膀胱)empties but another fills.” Many of these restrooms belong to gas stations. I prefer them to the high-tech ones on planes.
We get back on the road. Ed is driving now. When all the tabloids(小报)have been read, the travel has grown tedious and anyone under age 12 asks “Are we there yet?” at ever-shortening internals. Just outside Manteca, California, we stop for coffee. At a Starbucks checkout, Ed buys a CD of Joni Mitchell’s favorite musical picks. The hope is that it will have a calming effect.
As we pull back onto the highway, it starts to pour. Then something amazing happens. As we climb the mountain, the rain turns to snow. The pines are spotted with white. We’re struck dumb(说不出话)by the scene outside. For a solid 15 minutes, everyone forgets about their bladder, their blood sugar and the temperature. Alisha has never seen snow, so we pull over to make snowmen and catch snowflakes on our tongues. Then Ed realizes we need tire chains, and we have to turn back and drive 30miles to Oakhurst. “Good,” says Doris. “There was a very nice restroom there.”
24. Where does the family have lunch?
A. At Sonic.     B. At Subway.   C. At McDonald’s.    D. At In-N-Out Burger.
25. Why does the family spend so much time going to Yosemite?
A. They stop a few times for gas.   B. They go to the toilet frequently.
C. They are affected by the bad weather.  D. They need to rest and refresh themselves.
26. What does the underlined word “tedious” in Paragraph 3 probably mean?
A. Boring      B. Difficult.   C. Educational.     D. Comfortable.
27. How does the family feel when it snows?
A. Sorry.      B. Excited.   C. Worried.      D. Relaxed.
C
I fondly remember road trips as a child, sitting in the sunny backseat of my mom's car, daydreaming about other worlds and fantastic adventures. As I’ve grown older, my daydreams have become increasingly occupied less with fantasy but more with the reality of my past and future. Nearly everyone daydreams about their future and reflects nostalgically (念旧地) or negatively on moments of the past. These moments can provide inspiration, but if you spend too much time daydreaming in this fashion, you may be reducing your success in the present.
If you've ever planned a vacation, you're familiar with the impatient days tapping at your desk, dreaming of the lazy, relaxing days to come. Unfortunately, sometimes you end up comparing the real vacation to your imagined one, and it doesn't live up to the standard. Reflecting nostalgically on the past can also prevent present enjoyment. It is equally fun to reflect on past achievements or fun events, but it's possible to be so consumed with happy memories that you miss opportunities to create more.
We've all made mistakes that we’re ashamed of;reflecting on them is an important step in correcting those mistakes and becoming a better person. But dwelling(细想)too long on your past can also be negative. If you dwell too long on a past mistake, you can begin to equate(使等同)yourself with your past and feel farther away from the person you want to be. Train your brain to think quickly about the past and future, and take only the information and inspiration that you need in order to be the best person you can without resting on your glory moments or your mistakes.
If your identity is not dependent on the past or future, every experience is new and every day is a blank page for you to write. A fun mental exercise is to always tell yourself that you’re experiencing things for the first time. So take advantage of each moment you’re given.
28. What does the author think of daydreaming?
A. It's the favorite for many kids.   B. It can lead to fantastic adventures.
C. It's the major source of inspiration.  D. It has both strengths and weaknesses.
29. What can we learn from Paragraph 2?
A. Past achievements strongly influence us.
B. It's important to be patient with our present life.
C. Daydreaming may make the present disappointing.
D. Reflecting nostalgically on the past brings us no pleasure.
30. What should we avoid doing according to Paragraph 3?
A. Reflecting on the past.     B. Resting on our past experiences.
C. Thinking about our past mistakes.  D. Feeling ashamed of our past mistakes.
31. What's the author's purpose in writing the text?
A. To tell about her childhood.    B. To tell how to let go the past.
C. To suggest we focus on the present.  D. To encourage us to learn from mistakes.
D
Four years ago, we asked ourselves: what if we could create a shopping experience with no waiting in lines and no checkout? Or could we create a physical store where customers could simply take what they want and go? Our answer to those questions is Amazon Go, where you could experience the idea of “just walk out shopping”.
Amazon Go is a new kind of store with no checkout required. We created the world’s most advanced shopping technology, so you never have to wait in line. With our “just walk out shopping” experience, simply use the Amazon Go app to enter the store, take the products you want, and go! No lines, no checkout.
Our checkout-free shopping experience is made possible by the same types of technologies used in self-driving cars: computer vision, sensor fusion, and deep learning. Our “just walk out technology” automatically detects when products are taken from or returned to the shelves and keeps track of them in your virtual cart(虚拟购物车). When you’ve done shopping, you can just leave the store. Shortly after, we’ll charge your Amazon account and send you a receipt(收据).
We offer delicious ready-to-eat breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snack options made fresh every day by our on-site chefs and favorite local kitchens and bakeries. Our selection of foodstuff ranges from bread and milk to cheeses and locally made chocolates. You’ll find well-known brands we love, plus special finds we’re excited to introduce to customers. For a quick home-cooked dinner, pick up one of our chef-designed Amazon Meal Kits, and you can make a meal for two in about 30 minutes.
Our 1,800-square-foot shopping space is conveniently compact(紧凑的), so busy customers can get in and out fast. It is located at 2131, 7th Ave, Seattle, WA, on the corner of 7th Avenue and Blanchard Street. All you need is an Amazon account, a supported smartphone, and the free Amazon Go app.
Amazon Go is currently only open to Amazon employees in our testing program, and will be open to the public soon.
32. How can customers take away the products in Amazon Go?
A. Ordering in advance.     B. Paying by their credit card.
C. Using the Amazon Go app.    D. Opening their own account.
33. In which field are the technologies similar to the one used in Amazon Go?
A. Smartphones.    B. Automatic door.  C. Electric bikes.    D. Self-driving cars.
34. What is mainly discussed in Paragraph 4?
A. When Amazon Go opens.       B. Where Amazon Go lies.
C. What Amazon Go sells.       D. How Amazon Go works.
35. What is the author’s purpose in writing the text?
A. To encourage people to shop online.  B. To tell people of a new concept store.
C. To advise people to work for Amazon.  D. To share a happy shopping experience.
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)湖南师大附中2019届高三月考试卷(二)
英 语
本试题卷分为听力、阅读理解、语言知识运用和写作四个部分,共14页。时量120分钟。满分150分。
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例: How much is the shirt?
A. £19.15.  B. £9.18.  C. £9.15.
答案是C。
(B)1.How will the man go to the train station tonight?
A. By car.  B. By bus.  C. On foot.
(C)2.How did the woman feel about her life?
A. Worried.  B. Satisfied.  C. Bored.
(B)3.What has led Amy to success?
A. Her intelligence.  B.  Her effort.  C. Her luck.
(C)4.What do we know about the woman?
A. She works as a tutor at night.
B. She has a well­paid job.
C. She got a pay raise recently.
(B)5.What hat is the man looking for?
A. The cowboy hat.
B. The one with stars.
C. The one with a baseball logo.
第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
(C)6.Where does the conversation take place?
A. At a travel agency.  B. At an airport.  C. At a hotel.
 (A)7.What day is it today?
A. Tuesday.  B. Wednesday.  C. Thursday.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
(A)8.What do we know about Westminster Abbey?
A. It was built in various styles.
B. It's the oldest building in London.
C. It's the living place of the British prime minister.
(C)9.What is happening to the Tower Bridge?
A. It is moving down.
B. It is holding back a ship.
C. It is giving way to a ship.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
(A)10.How long did the man study in Australia?
A. For 5 years.  B. For 3 years.  C. For a year.
(C)11.Where is the man from?
A. America.  B. Japan.  C. Canada.
(A)12.Where do American teenagers like to hold parties?
A. At their own houses.
B. In their classrooms.
C. In pubs.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
(B)13.Who is likely to be at the top of his class this year?
A. Jack.  B. Jason.  C. Mark.
(C)14.What is Jason hoping to do?
A. Become a professor.
B. Make money from sports.
C. Go to Harvard University.
(A)15.What is Mark interested in?
A. Football.  B. Baseball.  C. Law.
(C)16.What is the woman's suggestion for the man?
A. To help Jason with his future plan.
B. To have a talk with his wife.
C. To have a talk with Mark.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
(C)17.Where can you most probably hear this talk?
A. In a class of the Greek language. 
B. In a class of the French language.
C. In a class of the English language.
(B)18.How long does the class last?
A. 11 weeks.  B. 13 weeks.  C. 15 weeks.
(A)19.What is “the short cut” to learning words according to the speaker?
A. Learning how words are formed.
  B. Taking more courses.
C. Reading basic words aloud.
(B)20.Why is the class popular?
A. It's taught by Professor Morris.
B. It helps to master some useful rules.
C. It is not offered each term.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
Asia can boast(吹嘘) that it has some of the best beaches in the world.Sihanoukville, Cambodia is a seaside town located 200km or a four­hour bus ride away from the country's capital, Phnom Penh. With several beaches and small offshore islands, it is definitely not a place to miss out if you are intending to visit Angkor Wat, as the beaches there are stunning and still unspoiled by mass tourism.
Serendipity Beach
Serendipity Beach is the most popular beach for the masses, since it is the most accessible beach, being the nearest one from the main town area.There are plenty of bars scattered around the beach, so be prepared for the crazy parties every night.
Ochheuteal Beach
Ochheuteal Beach is located south of Serendipity Beach, and it's a bit of an improvement from Serendipity Beach itself in terms of the people that go there. Over here, there are bars and pubs, but at night, don't expect wild parties like at the Serendipity Beach area.
Otres Beach
All the way down south, near Moat Peam, lies a hidden gem called Otres Beach. This is where you can get your yoga suit on and practice meditation(冥想). This is the quietest beach in Sihanoukville and it is the least crowded, with very few parties. If your idea of a beach holiday is just yourself and the sun, sea and sand, this place is for you.
Koh Rong
Koh Rong is an island off Sihanoukville that is covered with beautiful sandy beaches. True relaxation lies at Long Beach, which is located on the other side of the island.Clear water surrounds the beach, and once you get there, you'll be greeted with fine white sand.
Koh Rong doesn't have any roads, so there are no cars or motorbike rentals—everything is mostly on foot.
(B)21.Why is Serendipity Beach the most popular with tourists?
A. There are a lot of wild parties.
B. It is the nearest beach from the main town area.
C. The food and drink are varied.
D. It has plenty of cheap bars and pubs.
【解析】根据第二段第一句话可直接得出答案。
(C)22.Which place may be the best choice for a quiet sun bath?
A. Serendipity Beach.  B.  Ochheuteal Beach.
C. Otres Beach.  D. Long Beach.
【解析】根据第四段介绍可知。
(A)23.What is special about the beaches in Cambodia?
A. They are less developed and visited.
B. They are not easily accessible.
C. They are within walking distance to its capital.
D. They offer tasty seafood.
【解析】根据第一段最后一句话可知A正确。B、C选项与原文不符。D项未提及。
B
NASA's Jet Propulsion(喷气推进) Laboratory (JPL) attracted Marlyse Reeves from an early age. Growing up in Pasadena, California, in JPL's backyard, Reeves developed a love for everything related to outer space, and the lab was a regular destination for school field trips. Even as a child, Reeves, now as an MIT senior, knew she wanted to work in the space industry. Her love of space was cultivated at home, too. At MIT, Reeves quickly found her place in the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics (航空航天系).
As a junior, Reeves was selected to participate in the Gordon­MIT Engineering Leadership Program. The program focuses on leadership for engineers—people who may have high technical IQs but who may be not good at expressing themselves. Reeves holds the point that in industry, people have to communicate with other engineers—to explain their ideas and fit into the organizational structure.
In the second year of the program, students become coaches for the new students, which means a team coach observes, and instructs the younger group. So Reeves thinks it's really the second­year students who are guiding the first­year students into how they can improve as leaders.
Reeves has been with Women in Aerospace Engineering (WAE) since its beginning in her sophomore year. The group builds a community for women in all aspects of aeronautics. Last month, Reeves helped organize the first WAE Day, an event for 18 high school girls in the Boston area to come to MIT to learn about aerospace engineering. Reeves says events like these are especially important for exposing young women to the possibilities of the field.
Just as she says, “Being a person who has gone into the aerospace industry and has seen the lack of women, there are often times when I am the only female in the room. I think it's important for young women and girls to have role models, and just see that there are women doing it. I have met a lot of strong female role models for myself in industry... A lot of our events are open to men as well. We want to build a community of people who support women in aerospace.”
【语篇导读】本文讲述了麻省理工学院航空航天专业大四的学生Marlyse Reeves致力于为该领域的女性建立榜样系统,以鼓励更多女性投入航空航天领域。
(B)24.What can we learn from the first paragraph?
A. Reeves seldom visited JPL at an early age.
B. Reeves became interested in space from childhood.
C. Reeves is now a new student studying at MIT.
D. Reeves would like to study in the Department of Mathematics at MIT.
【解析】细节理解题。根据第一段第二句可知答案。
(A)25.What is the aim of the Gordon­MIT Engineering Leadership Program?
A. It is aimed at developing engineers' leadership.
B. It focuses on increasing students' technical skills.
C. It tends to improve students' observation abilities.
D. It aims to train excellent engineers for MIT in advance.
【解析】细节理解题。根据第二段第二句可知答案。
(C)26.What is the attitude of Reeves towards women in the aerospace industry?
A. She thinks the industry is prejudiced against women.
B. She thinks women have a higher IQ than men in the field.
C. She believes having role models has a positive effect on women.
D. She feels it is difficult for women to become successful in the field.
【解析】观点态度题。根据最后一段第二句可知,Reeves认为行业内优秀的女性为其他女性树立榜样有助于提升该行业女性的自信心。因此选C。
(C)27.Why does Reeves attach importance to the WAE Day?
A. Because it's a girl's dream.
B. Because it makes her a leader.
C. Because it helps women experience more about aeronautics.
D. Because it can strengthen the community.
【解析】推理判断题。根据第四段,可知答案选C。
C
If you find yourself hitting the snooze button(闹钟延时按钮) every morning, don't blame yourself. Your work schedule could be to blame.
  Research now shows that, for many of us, our work schedules don't go with our natural body clocks—and experts are urging employers to take notice. Sleep is a “strategic resource” that most companies are ignoring. When work schedules are aligned with people's natural sleep patterns, they produce higher quality and more innovative work because they are more focused, less stressed and generally healthier. The opposite is also true—when employees are not getting enough sleep they are more likely to make major mistakes and suffer from workplace injuries.
  But it's not just about the amount of sleep you get. It's important that people recognize every living thing, from primitive bacteria to human beings, has a biologically determined internal body clock. This determines whether you are a night owl(夜猫子), an early bird or somewhere in the middle. We don't have any choice. “It's like feet,” said Till Roenneberg, a professor of chronobiology(生物钟学). “Some people are born with big feet and some with small feet, but most people are somewhere in the middle.”
 Many companies start the workday at 8 a.m. or 9 a.m., putting their work schedules in disagreement with their employees' body clock. This mismatch, along with the pressure to be productive and be available to respond to email or take calls at all hours of the day and night, means that many people suffer from what is called “social jet lag” .
(A)28.The underlined word “aligned” in Paragraph 2 means “________”.
A. matched  B. cooperated
C. conflicted  D. shortened
【解析】当工作时间和人体的自然睡眠模式一致时,他们可以更高效、更富有创造性地工作,因为这时的人们更专注,压力更小,健康状态更好。
(C)29.What does Till Roenneberg' s remark mean?
 A. The amount of sleep you get counts much.
B. An early bird does better than a night owl.
C. We are born to have a body clock.
D. Most people have neither too big nor too small feet.
【解析】Roenneberg用脚来打比方,说生物钟就像脚一样,一些人生来脚大,一些人生来脚小,大部分人不大不小,这些都是天生的,无法改变的。
 (D)30.If people suffer from “social jet lag”, they will ________.
A. not be as clever as other people
B. fail to finish their daily tasks
C. fail to adjust their body clock
D. act as if they were in the wrong time zone
【解析】有社会时差反应的人,就感觉跟平时坐飞机有时差是一样的,生物钟和太阳钟不协调。
(B)31.What is the best title for the passage?
A. Body clock and good work habits
B. Late for work? Maybe not your fault
C. How to improve your work efficiency
D. Urgent need to change your body clock
【解析】我们平时大多是早上8点或9点开始工作,研究表明,这个工作时间和我们的自然生物钟可能是不同步的,所以工作效率不高,早上不想起床,不能怪员工。
 D
The chaparral ecosystem is a plant and animal community that is relatively rare. It is characterized by shrub­land and a specific weather pattern. Winters in this ecosystem are mild and wet, and summers tend to be hot and dry. The state of California in the United States has one of the world's largest chaparral ecosystems. They can also be found in parts of northern Mexico, Australia, Chile, and South Africa.
Wildfires occur frequently in this ecosystem. Lots of very flammable plant growth builds up in between fire seasons. Only about 15­39 inches of rainfall each year. Shrub plants of the chaparral are most likely to catch fire in the late summer or early fall. That's because the summers are extra dry. The thought of fire is frightening to people with homes or businesses. However, it is far more dangerous not to have wildfires. When there are no fires, the shrubs take over. Small fires once in a while are beneficial. They keep the plant growth under control. They also act in some other surprising ways. There are some plant species in chaparral ecosystems that cannot reproduce unless there has been a fire. The heat, smoke and changes in the soil that follow a burn actually release seeds from some plants.
What causes the frequent fires in this region? Sometimes lightning strikes will catch plants on fire. However, this accounts for only a small portion of the fires. Humans are the cause of many wildfires. A match, cigarette or campfire left carelessly unattended can cause a fire. Hot, dry winds, like the Santa Ana winds in California, make the fire go wild.If it has been a long time since the last fire, plants will fuel the fire. It is often very difficult for firefighters to put out these fires.
People who live in and near chaparral ecosystems have to clear plants from around their homes. This helps to prevent the home from being damaged in a fire. Wildfires are a natural and important part of a healthy chaparral ecosystem.
(C)32.According to the first two paragraphs, the chaparral ecosystem________.
A. can be found throughout northern Mexico
          B. has a lot of rainfall in winters
C. can easily catch fire in summers
D. has few plants and animals
【解析】根据第一段the summers tend to be hot and dry可知,其夏季是火灾高发期。
(B)33.What can we infer from the passage?
A. Broad­leaves plants are less likely to catch fire here.
B. Shrub plants will damage the eco­balance without wildfires.
C. Plants can't reproduce without wildfires.
D. Humans here are threatened to leave by frequent fires.
【解析】根据第二段When there are no fires, the shrubs take over. Small fires once in a while are beneficial.可知,没有火灾时,该地的灌木会覆盖该地,进而破坏其生态平衡。
(A)34.What can people do to prevent accidental fires?
A. They should be careful with matches, cigarettes and campfires.
B. They should prevent lighting striking.
C. They should train well­equipped firefighters.
D. They should clear flammable plants.
【解析】根据第三段 A match, cigarette or campfire left carelessly unattended can cause a fire.可知,人类应该小心应对 match, cigarette or campfire,避免火灾。
(A)35.What is the main idea of the passage?
A. Wildfires are an important part of the chaparral ecosystem.
B. People can take steps to remain safe in the chaparral ecosystem.
C. Wildfires occur frequently in the chaparral ecosystem.
D. The chaparral ecosystem is relatively rare in the global area.
【解析】通读全文可知,本文主要讲述wildfires的重要性。
第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Concern about extinction—the permanent loss of a species—motivates a wide variety of people to take action to protect animal species at risk of dying out. Animal protection and animal rights are familiar themes associated with the field of environmental activism. Certainly, endangered animals suffer no lack of support.36.__D__
Surprisingly, some of the most endangered plants are species that, up until recently, were used by humans as necessary food crops.37.__C__
In order to maximize productivity, farmers have chosen to focus on a handful of high­yield crops that can be harvested efficiently. At one time, the number of plant species used by humans to meet their nutritional requirements numbered above 7,000. Now, it is around 150. Some experts even claim that humans actually rely on just twelve species of plants for most of their food.
A single food crop generally contains several species, which may be further divided into hundreds of varieties, but these varieties are quickly disappearing. 38.__E__Eighty percent of the corn varieties grown in Mexico in 1930 have disappeared.Ninety percent of the 10,000 wheat varieties cultivated in China 1949 are no longer used.
39.__F__Crop diversity is a factor that ensures the continuation of certain beneficial natural processes in ecosystems—the cycling of nutrients, management of pests, and maintenance of water quality. 40.__B__Clearly, there is an urgent need to preserve the plant's irreplaceable crop diversity before it is lost completely.
A. You probably want to know the exact approach to protecting endangered plants.
B. Also, crop diversity provides the necessary gene pool to supply crops with a variety of traits(特点).
C. Threatened by current shortsighted farming techniques, crop diversity has shrunk dramatically.
D. However, endangered plants are defended by few.
E. Examples of losses in crop diversity have been recorded worldwide.
 F. The permanent loss of plant species represents a huge threat to humanity.
G. Thanks to modern farming techniques, many countries have taken measures to protect them.
第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
When I first met my new parrot, Chico, his wings had been cut short. He couldn't fly and he was stuck on the__41__just like us humans. When the weather turned nice, I would take Chico outside. I__42__him on a branch of a tree, hoping to make him happier. At first he seemed confused.He walked back and forth on the branch looking__43__. He didn't even flap(拍打) his wings in a(n)__44__to fly. Somehow he knew he was incapable.
   One day Chico got especially excited.He paced back and forth and made an incredible amount of noise. Then all of a sudden he stopped and__45__an even louder scream. He started__46__flapping his wings for the first time ever—then he__47__off the branch like a space shuttle! I was amazed and  shocked.Little did I know his feathers had been growing back, and Chico had been waiting until the moment was ripe for__48__!
  Two days later Chico returned.First I tried to__49__him back with food, but he would not come near me. Then I took his cage and__50__it away—still he would not come. Finally, I made him a firm__51__that I would let him out every day if the weather was nice as long as he did come back.__52__, he flew onto my shoulder.
  From that day on, whenever the weather was good I would let him out__53__and he would fly around and be back before dark. The__54__lasted for two months until suddenly Chico became weak. The vet said that he had been infected with a__55__from the pigeons in the neighbourhood.Within a few days he died.
I was very sad.The__56__crossed my mind that if I had not set him free to fly, he would be still alive. But what__57__is there in being a bird if you can't fly?
    Chico__58__his first breakthrough for freedom on a late Monday afternoon in April. When will you make yours? You too can__59__a chance when the conditions are right, knowing you too, in your own way, were built to fly. If you don't set yourself free, what will be the__60__of your life?
(C)41.A. cage      B. scene     C. earth      D. stage
【解析】这只鹦鹉就像人一样不会飞,只能呆在地上。
(B)42.A. brought  B. seated  C. caught  D. chased
【解析】作者把鹦鹉放在树枝上,希望它能开心。
(C)43.A. delightful  B. painful  C. anxious  D. guilty
【解析】鹦鹉在树枝上来来回回地走,说明它很焦虑/紧张。
(A)44.A. attempt  B. order  C. journey  D. reason
【解析】鹦鹉甚至都没有拍动翅膀去尝试飞行,不知为什么它知道自己没有飞行的能力。in an attempt  to do sth 企图/试图做某事。
(D)45.A. gave away  B. took on  C. laid out  D. let out
【解析】这里指鹦鹉发出尖叫之声。give away 赠送,分发; take on呈现,雇佣,承担,接纳; lay out铺开,展开,布置; let out发出(叫声等)。
(B)46.A. proudly  B. madly  C. slowly  D. gracefully
【解析】此处指疯狂地拍打翅膀。
(D)47.A. cut  B. fell  C. knocked  D. lifted
【解析】鹦鹉飞离树枝。
(C)48.A. struggle  B. exchange  C. escape  D. rescue
 【解析】由上下文可知鹦鹉是等着时机成熟准备逃跑。
(A)49.A. trick  B. fasten  C. seize  D. expect
【解析】作者用食物引诱没有效果,然后把它的鸟笼收起来,想通过这个方法让鹦鹉靠近。trick欺骗;诱骗。
(C)50.A. burnt  B. drove  C. put  D. threw
【解析】解析见上题。put sth away 把……收起来。
(B)51.A. contract  B. promise  C. hand  D. feather
【解析】作者答应在天气好的时候让鹦鹉出去,鹦鹉终于落到了作者的肩上。
(D)52.A. Once in a while  B. As usual  C. In the meantime  D. At last
【解析】解析见上句。
(A)53.A. early  B.  lately  C. sometimes  D. lonely
【解析】从上下文可知作者早早地把鹦鹉放出去。
(C)54.A. practice  B. deed  C. routine  D. recreation
【解析】在天气好的时候让鹦鹉外出是一种常规事情。
(B)55.A. spirit  B. disease  C. relationship  D. diet
【解析】be infected with被传染/被感染……。
(A)56.A. thought  B. fact  C. concern  D. detail
【解析】此处只有thought与后面that引导的同位语从句互为解释。
(D)57.A. profit  B. mistake  C. interest  D. meaning
【解析】作为一只鸟,不会飞行又有什么意义呢?
(C)58.A. discovered  B. demonstrated  C. achieved  D. announced
【解析】make/achieve a breakthrough 取得突破性进展,此处指鹦鹉为自由而奋斗。
(D)59.A. lose  B. envy  C. deserve  D. take
【解析】take a chance抓住机会。
(B)60.A. success  B. purpose  C. contribution  D. entertainment
【解析】由整个故事可知,没有了自由,生活就没有了目的和意义。
第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Gift shops in museums used to be the last stop of each visit, 61.where people would buy souvenirs for themselves and their friends. But recently instead of being the last place people go after a visit, they 62.have__become (become) a point of entry to the museum. You may wonder: What is it about museum gift shops that 63.makes (make) them so different?
Each museum product contains a small piece of history. For example, the British Museum store has different kinds of sticky tape 64.printed (print) with patterns inspired by the famous Rosetta Stone, which was discovered in 1799 and contains an inscription(碑文) helping historians 65.better (good) understand some of the most mysterious 66.Egyptian (Egypt) scripts. And in the gift shops of China's Palace Museum, there are earphones inspired by the necklaces worn by ancient officials.
   67.With the design evolving over the years, museum products are no longer limited to famous paintings to be hung on the wall. 68.They now mean items put to use every day—glasses, jewelry or cushion covers, 69.indicating (indicate) we can not only “own” a piece of history, but also hold it in our hands, wear it on our neck, or even sleep on it. Indeed, a great museum gift shop is an extension of the museum 70.itself (it).
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Dear Jim,
     I'm glad that you are interested in my flat. Now I am writing here in my flat to tell
you
第三部分 语言知识运用(共三节,满分45分)
第一节
61. — What took you so long?
— I got lost. I have no        of direction.
A. sense    B. ability      C. knowledge   D. feeling
62. As is well known, many deadly accidents        carelessness and irresponsibility.
A. lead to    B. result from     C. contribute to  D. result in
63. — The water was left running all night long.
— Yes. It seemed that John       . He was the last one to leave the lab.
A. was to be blamed     B. was to blame
C. had been blamed     D. should be blamed
64. I could have told the whole story to you if you hadn’t       so often.
A. broken out     B. broken in   C. broken away     D. broken into
65. As is known to all, it is teachers and parents who will have a big ______ on the development of children.
A. change     B. affection   C. influence    D. impression
66. The storm left, ______ a lot of damage to this area.
A.caused          B.to have caused  C.to cause          D.having caused
67. The murderer was brought in,with his hands _______ be hind his back.
   A.being        B.having tied    C.to be tied       D.tied
68. Reading this instructive book,       .
    A. tears came to his eyes          B. his eyes were filled with tears
    C. he burst into tears             D. his eyes were full of tears
69. There was a terrible noise        the sudden burst of light.
A. following        B. to be followed   C. followed           D. being followed     
70. As we joined the big crowd, I got        from my friend.
A. separated        B. spared          C. lost      D. missed
第三节

南昌二中2018—2019学年度上学期第一次月考
高二英语试卷参考答案
听力    1—5 ABCBC 6—10 AABCC 11—15 CAABB 16—20 CBAAC
阅读   21-25CDDCB      26-30ABDCB  

单选   61-65ABBBC   66-70DDCAA

 



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