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2018届河南省新乡市高三第二次模拟测试英语试题附答案           ★★★
2018届河南省新乡市高三第二次模拟测试英语试题附答案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/4/8 10:14:26

2018届河南省新乡市高三第二次模拟测试
英语试题
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30 分)
做题时, 先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5 小题;每小题1. 5 分, 满分7. 5 分)
听下面5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A. B. C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A. £19.15.   B. £9.15.   C. £9.18.   
答案是C。
1. What is the time right now according to the woman?
A. 5:15.  B. 7:15.  C. 9:15.
2. Why does the man probably want to see the headmaster?
A. To apply for a job.  B. To ask for directions.  C. To have a meeting.
3. What does the woman want her son to do?
A. Finish reading a book.
B. Borrow books from library.
C. Go camping with his friends.
4. What’s the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Workmates.  B. Relatives.  C. Classmates.
5. What do we know about the woman’s daughter?
A. She has got a new office.
B. She has realized her dream.
C. She has been admitted into a university.
第二节(共15 小题;每小题1. 5 分,满分22. 5 分)
听下面5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A. B. C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5 秒钟的作答间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6 段材料,回答第6. 7 题。
6. What do the speakers think of the restaurant?
A. It is large.  B. It is different.  C. It is traditional.
7. What will the speakers do next?
A. Have some drinks.  B. Wait for a Californian.  C. Order a large pizza.
听第7 段材料, 回答第8、9 题。
8. Which program does the man dislike most?
A. Educational programs.  B. Police shows.  C. News shows.
9. How does the woman feel about the TV programs?
A. Few of them are interesting.
B. Most of them are excellent.
C. Most of them are educational.
听第8段材料, 回答第10 至12 题。
10. How long has the man been in London?
A. Two weeks.  B. Two months.  C. Half a year.
11. What is the man’s problem?
A. He is not used to the weather.
B. He has been feeling lonely.
C. His English hasn’t been improved.
12. What is the woman’s advice?
A. To go to parks and have a chat.
B. He has been feeling lonely.
C. His English hasn’t been improved.
12. What is the woman’s advice?
A. To go to parks and have a chat.
B. To read English novels.
C. To watch English weather.
听第9段材料, 回答第13 至16题。
13. How long did the bus leave before the scheduled time?
A. Ten minutes.  B. Thirty minutes.  C. An hour.
14. When did the woman probably get on the next bus?
A. At 4:35.  B. At 4:45.  C At 5:05.
15. What is the man worried about?
A. The daily expense.  B. The woman’s safety.  C. The public transportation.
16. What does the woman decide to do in the end?
A. Buy a car.  B. Work for the newspaper.  C. Write to the local officials.
听第10段材料, 回答第17至20题。
17. What is Harry?
A. A bird.  B. A dog.  C. A boy.
18. Why did Harry catch an apple a day?
A. Because he loved it very much.
B. Because it often fell on the ground.
C. Because he liked to play with it.
19. What did Harry do on the snowy day?
A. He brought the apples to the ground.
B. He dug holes to put the apples in them.
C. He ate up all the apples.
20. Why did the birds fly to the garden?
A. To look for Harry. B. To eat the apples.  C. To make new homes.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节, 满分40 分)
第一节(共15 小题;每小题2 分, 满分30 分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C 和D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项。
A
The Best and Worst Things to Buy in March
Frozen food
Grocery store ads aren’t the only places to find deals on freezer-section treats. To take advantage of the deepest discounts, combine coupons (优惠券) from sponsoring brands, such as Dole, Green Giant and Tyson Foods, with grocery store sales. Plus, look for printable savings on Coupons. com and EasyHomeMeals.com. Brands participating in National Frozen Food Month will offer more than 180, 000 coupons that make frozen food among the best things to buy in March.
Boxed chocolates
If you desire to give a gift to a friend in March, consider chocolate. Two minor holidays in March provide the perfect excuse: National Chocolate Caramel Day on March 19 and National Chocolate-Covered Raisin Day on March 24. You can discover chocolate deals online as well as in stores. Head to sites like RetailMeNot.com to find discount coupons for boxed chocolate savings of 10 percent or more.
New cars
With the latest car models filling dealers’ lots, you’ll have a hard time finding discounted models from the year before. Car dealerships are less motivated to offer steep discounts from March through May. Instead, plan to buy your car during the fall or winter. You should also research the auto you want at TrueCar before heading for the dealership. The site offers information on what people in your area paid for vehicles equipped with the options you want.
Spring clothing
When warm weather makes you want to head outdoors, resist the urge to do so wearing the latest fashions. You won’t find March deals on swimsuits, Easter dresses or other spring items. To find discounts on clothes of this spring, hold off until Memorial Day weekend. You can also look for online and in- store savings at Amazon, Macy’s, Saks Fifth Avenue and other retailers.
21. Which things offer discounts in March according to the text?
A. Frozen food and new cars.
B. Boxed chocolates and new cars.
C. Frozen food and boxed chocolates.
D. Boxed chocolates and spring clothing.
22. What does the author advise us to do?
A. Register on a site.
B. Attend a holiday event.
C. Consult people in our areas,
D. Look for discount information online.
23. Which of the following festivals is celebrated after March?
A. Memorial Day.
B. National Frozen Food Month.
C. National Chocolate Caramel Day.
D. National Chocolate-Covered Raisin Day.
B
Throughout the past few years, I have tried to give myself to others. I have bounced around to find where I truly fit in. I found my place while I stayed in Guatemala, an orphanage (孤儿院),with the children living there. Through hearing many stories of their lives, I was moved to tears and started to question my living ways and gave up everything that wasn’t essential: makeup and any other sort of luxury (奢侈品). I lived like they did. It was the most relaxing feeling in the world.
When at Nuestros Pequenos Hermanos, we were given the task of creating a pig pen. At first, I thought it should be easy. After arriving at the area where the pig pen should be, we saw a hill. We were told to uproot the weeds as well as level the entire area. Looking at it, we felt it would be impossible. On my own faith journey, I have felt this type of doubt before. The “hole”, as we referred to, is a symbol of my faith journey. It appeared to be an obstacle I could not overcome, but in the end I completed it with efforts. I feel this pig pen wasn’t easy to create but was so rewarding to give.
I’ve always struggled to be on a journey of faith, but I’ve never completely stepped foot onto the path until Guatemala. I’ve always tried to open my heart to everyone around me and give them my love. I feel as though I cut open my heart and share every bit of love I had with these orphans. There is one orphan named Ceto who will always remain very close to my heart. In Guatemale, I sponsor with thirty dollars a month, but it doesn’t seem enough. I’ll return there next summer and give more of my love for a whole month.
When it was time to leave, I looked out of the window and saw not just ordinary children. Overall, the most significant accomplishment I made in Guatemala was stepping towards my own faith journey and not looking back.
24. What resulted in the author’s decision to live a new life?
A. Desire to help others.
B. Decrease in his income.
C. A knowledge of the orphans’ life.
D. Awareness of the difficulty in his life.
25. What does the underlined word“it”in Paragraph 2 refer to?
A. Removing the doubt.
B. Uprooting the weed.
C. Starting the faith journey.
D. Creating the pig pen.
26. What did the author think of his experience in Guatemala?
B. It was meaningful.
A. It was regretful.
D. It was frightening.
C. It was interesting.
27. What may be the best title for the text?
B. An Awful Faith Journey
A. A Step into a New World
D. A Return of Confidence
C. A Great Success in Life
C
Could the device, smartphone or PC,which you’re using affect the moral decisions you make when using it? To test it, researchers presented multiple dilemmas to a sample set of 1,010 people. The participants were assigned a device at random.
One case of the questions participants were asked is the classic “trolley (有轨电车) problem”: A runaway trolley is headed towards five people tied up on a set of train tracks. You can do nothing, resulting in the deaths of five people, or push a man off a bridge, which will stop the trolley. The practical response is to kill one man to save five lives, which 33.5 percent of smartphone users chose, compared to 22.3 percent of PC users.
“What we found in our study is that when people used a smartphone to view classic moral problems, they were more likely to make more unemotional, reasonable decisions when presented with a highly emotional dilemma, ”Dr Albert Barque-Duran, the lead author of the study, told City, University of London. “This could be due to the increased time pressure often present with smartphones and also the increased psychological distance which can occur when we use such devices compared to PCs.”
As for why the researchers started this study, Dr Barque-Duran noted, “Due to the fact that our social lives, work and even shopping take place online, it is important to think about how the contexts where we typically face moral decisions and are asked to engage in moral behavior have changed, and the impact this could have on the hundreds of millions of people who use such devices daily.” It’s clear that we need more research on how our devices affect our moral decision making because we’re using screens at an ever-increasing rate.
28. Why did the author mention the trolley problem?
A. To introduce a difficult problem to readers.
B. To introduce the aim of carrying out the study.
C. To show an example of the questions in the study.
D. To show the difficult in dealing with dilemmas.
29. How do the smartphone users of the study behave in dealing with emotional dilemmas?
A Calmly.
B. Cruelly.
C. Hesitantly.
D. Enthusiastically.
30. Dr Albert believes that compared with PCs, samrtphones           .
A. help people bear more pressure
B. help people make decisions quicker
C. make people feel more mentally distant
D. make people stay happier to solve problems
31. What can we infer from the text?
A. Shopping online has a great effect on making moral decisions.
B. The people using smartphones are more than those using PCs.
C. People who often use samrtphones or PCs always meet with dilemmas.
D. It is common for people to be involved in making moral decisions in daily life.
D
There is a breakthrough in building aircrafts. Bendable wings covered with overlapping(部分重叠) pieces resembling fish sizes could be used to build swifter, fuel-efficient aircraft, a new study finds.
Nowadays, conventional aircrafts typically rely on ailerons (副翼) to help control the way the planes tip as they fly. However, when the Wright brothers flew the first airplane, Flyer 1, over a century ago, they used no ailerons but wires and pulleys that twisted the wood-and-canvas wings, to control the plane,
Scientists have long sought to develop aircrafts that can alter their wings during flight, just as birds can. However, most previous attempts have failed because they relied on heavy mechanical control structures within the wings. These structures were also complex and unreliable, said Neil Gershenfeld, a physicist and director of the Center for Bits and Atoms at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
The new wing consists of a system of tiny, strong, lightweight modules. The shape of the wing can be changed uniformly along its length using two small motors, which apply a twisting pressure to each wingtip. These wings are covered in “skins” of overlapping strips of flexible material resembling fish sizes. These strips move across each other as the wings alter, providing a smooth outer surface, the researchers explained.
Wind-tunnel tests of these wings showed that they at least matched the aerodynamic properties of conventional wings, at about one-tenth the weight. Initial tests using remotely piloted aircrafts made with these wings have shown great promise, said Benjamin Jenett, a graduate student at the Center for Bits and Atoms at MIT.
The new modular structures the scientists developed could be manufactured quickly in mass quantities and then installed by teams of small robots. These modular structures also can be disassembled more easily, making repairs simpler.
“Still, the first aircraft built using this strategy will not be a passenger jet, ”Gershenfeld said. “Instead, the technology will likely first be tested on unmanned aircraft, leading to drones (无人机) that can fly for a long time, to help deliver internet access or medicine to remote villages and do some rescue works.”
32. Why did most previous aircrafts fail to fly like birds?
A. The previous wings were complicated and weighed a lot.
B. The previous aircraft relied on ailerons to control directions.
C. There were few scientists to do research on the lighter wings.
D. There was little fuel in the aircrafts to make them fly in the air.
33. What is the fourth paragraph mainly about?
A. The shape of the new wings.
B. The result of the tested wings.
C. The function of the small motors.
D. The working principle of the new wings.
34. Which of the following can replace the underlined word“disassembled”in Paragraph 6?
A. put away
B. taken apart
C. invented
D. analyzed
35. What will the drones made by the new wings be firstly used to do?
A. Carry passengers.
B. Save people in danger.
C. Test planes.
D. Monitor the villages.
第二节(共5 小题;每小题2 分, 满分10 分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
You Can Fly More Frequently
When traveling, airfare can take up a large part of your travel budget. What if you could fly practically for free? If it were possible, then you would probably travel more, right? 36. While it may seem like a lot of work to accumulate miles, it’s pretty easy when you know how.
Sign up for mileage (里程) programs. You can’t gain miles if you don’t sign up.37. Pick one or two airlines that you use most often and try to bring all your points into those programs by flying with them.
Buy gifts and have dinner out. Most mileage programs have a business list where you can register several credit or debit cards and then earn miles for each purchase you make through their participating shops or meal you have at restaurant partners. 38, so why not make it count toward future travel?
Use your credit card. Look for a card that gives you rewards. There are a ton of credit card companies that offer mileage cards that give you miles for each dollar you spend. Use it for bills, groceries, gas and anything else you would normally use your bank account for and then pay it off at the end of the month. 39.
Rent a car. Whenever you rent a car, you have the choice to include your frequent flyer member number. 40 , but it can be more beneficial to pay less than a dollar a day to earn one or more miles per dollar spent on your rental.
A. Some will charge a fee
B. With frequent flyer programs, you can
C. You’re probably doing these things anyway
D. It’s an easy way to accumulate miles and can add up really fast
E. In fact, you can get a free plane ticket just focusing on certain ones
F. Join frequent flyer programs, so you can start accumulating those miles
G. There are plenty of ways to earn money just by doing things you’re already doing
第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45 分)
第一节 (共20 小题;每小题1. 5 分, 满分30 分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C 和D 四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
My most rewarding experience throughout the past two years was volunteering at the swimming competition for Special Olympics where a disabled friend of my community took part. This had special 41 for me because experiencing it helped improve my leadership skills, my character, and support my community.
First, my leadership skills developed when I 42 directed each swimmer where to line up at the platform and 43 each player when they needed to swim. I had to make sure that the swimmers were 44 and ready to perform. This kept me on my feet at all times and 45 of each event’s time and location. I learned each swimmer’s name, since many of them swam in more than one 46.
Secondly, my 47 was greatly improved when I saw the swimmers get their awards for winning each swimming event, I was 48 that most swimmers could swim better than I. It astonished me by their 49 attitudes, whether they won or lost. This also expanded my horizons, offering me the opportunity to 50 people I would normally not come across. I went out of my 51 zone and did whatever was needed to be done. It was especially 52 when I saw the cheerful faces of the players.
Lastly, I was of 53 to my community by lending a hand to this organization in need of 54. To be a 55 of it gave me a chance to improve my community and become 56 with the people living in this area.
As Winston Churchill once said, “We make a living by what we do, but we make a lite by what we give. ”The
57 should be done throughout your life. 58,through the many opportunities my community has offered I was privileged to be 59 in this exciting and important event in these players’ lives. I hope to be a(n) 60 at this event in years to come.
41. A. purpose B. meaning C. background D. regulation
42. A. equally B. amazingly C. strictly D. independently
43. A. taught B. informed C. awarded D. compared
44. A. positioned B. preserved C. valued D. evaluated
45. A. proud B. certain C. aware D. capable
46. A. decision B. application C. country D. event
47. A. figure B. ability C. character D. technique
48. A. blamed B. impressed C. reminded D. concerned
49. A. changeable B. critical C. various D. positive
50. A. meet B. gather C. introduce D. recommend
51. A. imagination B. availability C. comfort D. development
52. A. embarrassing B. rewarding C. outstanding D. relaxing
53. A. service B. courage C. wisdom D. significance
54. A. help B. money C. sympathy D. attention
55. A. player B. referee C. plot. D. part
56. A. acquainted B. combined C. surrounded D. faced
57. A. traveling B. consulting C. volunteering D. cooperating
58. A. Eventually B. Generally C. Additionally D. Fortunately
59. A. desired B. educated C. involved D. influenced
60. A. judge B. assistant C. trainer D. announcer
第二节(共10小题;每小题1. 5 分, 满分15 分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
For those who travel to China, the scenic spots and ancient civilization are 61 (attract) things, and so is Chinese food and drink. Like music, dance and painting, eating is also an art in China and Chinese cuisine 62 (list) as one of the top in the field of world cuisines.
Nobody could tell exactly how many restaurants a specific city has, let alone the roadside eateries (饭馆) 63 (distribute) in streets and back lanes. Wherever you would like to eat, in the restaurants 64 the roadside eateries, make sure that the restaurant is clean and the food has been 65 (fresh) prepared and is hot.
Chinese regard eating as an art, 66 is a comprehensive combination of sight, smell, touch, taste and even sound. Chinese cuisine is an important branch from the Chinese culture and the core is taste while the purpose is 67 (preserve) health.
It is a perfect combination of color, shape, 68 (appear )and flavor. Delicious and nutritious food has been regarded the basics of ordinary life.
Chinese cuisine has a long history and is famous worldwide 69 its rich tastes and delightful colors. The difference in local climate, history and eating customs in each region has produced local dishes and snacks with their own 70(characteristic).
第四部分 写作(共两节;满分35分)
第一节: 短文改错(共10小题; 每小题1分,满分10分)
    假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文,文中共有10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。
    增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(/\),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\) 划掉。
    修改: 在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
    注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词:
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起) 不计分。
My friend and I always played outdoor when we were young. During spring rains, we climbed up to our comfort tree house and played cards. Then in the amused autumn, we rolled around in the orange leaf. This all end one day, when my friend received video game player for his birthday. In the begin, he sometimes invited me over to play with him. But this began to happen less and less, because of his house was small, and his mother didn’t like visitors. Now we never see each another, as he is always played his video games. I miss my friend.
第二节 书面表达(满分25 分)
假定你是李华,你的美国朋友Peter对中国春联(Spring Festival couplets)产生了浓厚兴趣,来信向你了解中国的春联文化。请你用英语写一封回信,为他介绍春联的用途、内容和寓意等。
注意:
1. 词数100 左右;
2. 可以适当增加细节, 以使行文连贯。
 
河南省新乡市2018届高三第二次模拟测试
英语试题答案
听力
1-5CAACC   6- 10BCBAB   11- 15CAACB  16-20 CBAAB
阅读理解
21-23 CDA  24-27 CDBA  28-31 CACD  32-35 ADBB  36-40 BFCDA
完型填空
41-45 BDBAC 46-50 DCBDA 51-55 CBAAD 56-60 ACDCB
61. attractive   62. is listed   63. distributed  64. or    65. freshly
66. which   67. to preserve  68. appearance  69. for    70. characteristics
短文改错
My friend and I always played outdoor when we were young. During spring rains, we climbed up to our
                        outdoors
comfort tree house and played cards. Then in the amused autumn, we rolled around in the orange leaf. This all end
comfortable                             amusing                                leaves      ended
one day, when my friend received /\video game player for his birthday. In the begin, he sometimes invited me over to
                           a                                 beginning
play with him. But this began to happen less and less, because of his house was small, and his mother didn’t like
                                                 删除of
visitors. Now we never see each another, as he is always played his video games. I miss my friend.
                           other                playing
书面表达
One possible version:
Dear Peter,
I’m glad to know you have interest in Spring Festival couplets. Now, let me introduce some details of them to you.
As a symbol of Chinese traditional culture, Spring Festival couplets are always stuck on the door or the wall of a house. They are necessities for Chinese people to celebrate the Spring Festival. Written with a writing brush on red paper, Spring Fest val couplets use some positive words showing wishes for love, health, success, wealth, happiness and so on. They always have a theme, and they represent better life or successful future, and some of them include wishes and expectations. Of course, the topic of singing the praises of our motherland is another good choice.
Yours,
Li Hua


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